Sodom Location - Page 2


•    Willmington's Bible Handbook states, “Walter E. Rast, of Valparaiso University, and R. Thomas Schaub, of Indiana University of Pennsylvania, excavated two sites near the eastern shore of the Dead Sea in Jordan and say they strongly believe these are the biblical cities destroyed by fire.” (“Sodom and Gomorrah” Willmington's Bible Handbook)
•    Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary states regarding Gomorrah, “The current consensus, however, places them near Bab edh-Dhra, the entrance to the “tongue” (Lisan) of land that juts out into the Dead Sea on its eastern shore.” (“Gomorrah” Nelson’s New Illustrated Bible Dictionary)

NORTHERN LOCATION
Yet it may be that the cities of the plain were at the NORTHERN end of the Dead Sea
•    Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary states, “Early tradition held that the northern end of the Dead Sea was the Valley of Sodom.” (“Sodom” Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary)
•    Fausset's Bible Dictionary states, “Tristram however identifies Zoar with Zi'ara at the northern end.” (“Zoar” Fausset's Bible Dictionary)
•    One map indicates the plain of the five cities was near the northern end of the Dead Sea.
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A map from the Moody Atlas of Bible Lands indicates the “City of Salt” is at the NORTHERN end of the Dead Sea.
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(“Cities of Palestine” Moody Atlas of Bible Lands”)

•    Easton's Bible Dictionary states, “It has been concluded … that the cities of the plain stood at the southern end of the Dead Sea. Others, however, with much greater probability, contend that they stood at the northern end of the sea.” (“Sodom” Easton's Bible Dictionary)
•    Smith's Bible Dictionary states, “There can be little doubt that the plain of the Jordan was at the north side of the Dead Sea, and that the cities of the plain must therefore have been situated there instead of at the southern end of the lake, as it is generally taken for granted they were … The mention of the Jordan is conclusive as to the situation of the district, for the Jordan ceases where it enters the Dead Sea, and can have no existence south of that point … Sodom and the rest of the cities of the plain of Jordan stood on the north of the Dead Sea.” (“Sodom” Smith's Bible Dictionary)
•    The McClintock and Strong Encyclopedia states, “Mr. Tristram, who has explored the lake neighborhood more carefully than any previous investigator, strenuously contends for the northern location of Sodom with its neighboring cities.” (“Sodom” McClintock and Strong Encyclopedia)
•    Easton's Bible Dictionary states, “These cities probably stood close together, and were near the northern extremity of what is now the Dead Sea.” (“Gomorrah” Easton's Bible Dictionary)
•    Fausset's Bible Dictionary states, “Moses saw Zoar from mount Nebo (Deuteronomy 34:3), which he could not had it been at the S.E. of Dead Sea.” (“Gomorrah” Fausset's Bible Dictionary)
•    The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia states regarding Gomorrah, “DeSaulcy, however, with others who place the Cities of the Plain at the North end of the Dead Sea, fixes upon Khumran (or Gumran), marked on the Survey Map of Palestine North of Ras Feshkeh, where there are ruins about a mile from the Dead Sea.” (“Gomorrah” International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia)
•    The International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia states regarding Zoar, “Conder, who vigorously maintains that the Vale of Siddim is at the north end of the Dead Sea, looks favorably upon theory of W.H. Birch that the place is represented by the present Tell Shaghur, a white rocky mound at the foot of the Moab Mountains, a mile East of Beth-haram (Tell er-Rameh), 7 miles Northeast of the mouth of the Jordan, a locality remarkable for its stone monuments and well-supplied springs.” (“Zoar” International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia)
•    The article “Archaeologists Claim New Location for Sodom and Gomorrah in Jordan” states, “Many people located Sodom and Gomorrah towards the south of the Dead Sea but the reason that they choose the north of the Dead Sea is that historically, most ancient people--even scholars of the 19th century chose the northern Dead Sea for Sodom because the Biblical text is very clear about the location.” (See “Archaeologists Claim New Location for Sodom and Gomorrah in Jordan”, accessed 8/4/10 at http://forum.gon.com/showthread.php?t=169254)
•    The Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible states, “Genesis 13 seems to identify Zoar (as well as Sodom and Gomorrah) with the Jordan River valley, which drains into the northern end of the Dead Sea.” (“Zoar” Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible)
•    The article “Tall el-Hammam Excavation Project” (http://www.tallelhammam.com/) states, “At the cross-hairs of the main trade routes, and nestled on the south side of Wadi Kafrein, lies Tall el-Hammam. A sprawling, impressive site with a remarkable occupational profile, Tall el-Hammam certainly holds important keys to understanding the larger occupational history of the entire "Jordan Disk" (the biblical term used to describe the widened, "circular" area of the southern Jordan Valley north of the Dead Sea) … The fact that Tall el-Hammam and other sites on the eastern half of the Jordan Disk are located precisely in the geographical area specified for the biblical ‘Cities of the Jordan Plain (Disk)’ could turn out to be more than a coincidence, thus providing a geographical frame for the story of Abraham's nephew Lot and his escape from Sodom … Not a few scholars, including TeHEP Director Dr. Steven Collins, believe that the textual evidence strongly supports a northern location in what is called the ‘Jordan Disk,’ the 25-kilometer diameter circle of the Jordan Valley immediately north of the Dead Sea. The eastern side of the Disk encompasses at least fourteen named archaeological sites (and numerous others), and at least a few of them have Middle Bronze Age occupation … Tall el-Hammam is the largest of these. Therefore, it would be unthinkable to ignore the possibility that Tall el-Hammam (as well as Tall Nimrin, with its MB2 destruction and ensuing 500-year occupational hiatus) may be Sodom or Admah (with Tall Nimrin being the other).”
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See “Tall el-Hammam Excavation Project” (http://www.tallelhammam.com/)
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